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Institute of Bioengineering

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Prof Pankaj Vadgama

Professor and Director of IRC in Biomedical Materials

Department School of Engineering and Materials Science
Email p.vadgama@qmul.ac.uk
Homepage http://www.sems.qmul.ac.uk/p.vadgama

IoB Highlights

Biosensor research

Key strengths, technologies, know-how

  • In vivo biosensors: Redox enzymes, solid state ISEs, Sports Medicine, critical care
  • Bio-laminates: Enzyme-polymers, growth factor-polymers, nano-polymers
  • Microfluidics: Liquid-liquid interfaces, interfacial polymerisation

Applications

  • Biomedical monitoring using chemical and biosensors
  • Biosensors for metabolites
  • Membrane technology
  • Surface biocompatibility
  • Microfluidics for sampling and sample separation

Selective research achievements

  • Number of papers = 231
  • H-index = 27
  • Main Grants =EPSRC Programme grant on athlete monitoring
  • 19 patents
  • Industrial links: Rainbow Medical on catheters, Kirkstall on bioreactors

 

Research Interests

Professor P Vadgama is currently Director of the IRC in Biomedical Materials, Professor of Clinical Biochemistry, and Head of Service in the Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Barts and the Royal London NHS Trust. Prior to this he was Professor of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Manchester and Professor of Medical Biomaterials, Manchester Materials Science Centre.

2018

Lopes IC, Zebda A and Vadgama P (2018). New directions in membrane designs for biosensors. Current Opinion in Electrochemistry  vol. 12, 107-112. 10.1016/j.coelec.2018.07.009

Zebda A, Alcaraz J-P, Vadgama P, Shleev S, Minteer SD, Boucher F, Cinquin P and Martin DK (2018). Challenges for successful implantation of biofuel cells. Bioelectrochemistry  vol. 124, 57-72. 10.1016/j.bioelechem.2018.05.011

Liu J, Zhang Y, Zhao Q, Situ B, Zhao J, Luo S, Li B, Yan X, Vadgama P, Su L, Ma W, Wang W and Zheng L (2018). Bifunctional aptamer-mediated catalytic hairpin assembly for the sensitive and homogenous detection of rare cancer cells. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 1029, 58-64. 10.1016/j.aca.2018.04.068

Gowers SAN, Hamaoui K, Cunnea P, Anastasova S, Curto VF, Vadgama P, Yang G-Z, Papalois V, Drakakis EM, Fotopoulou C, Weber SG and Boutelle MG (2018). High temporal resolution delayed analysis of clinical microdialysate streams. Analyst  vol. 143, (3) 715-724. 10.1039/c7an01209h

2017

Adatia K, Raja M and Vadgama P (2017). An electrochemical study of microporous track-etched membrane permeability and the effect of surface protein layers. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces  vol. 158, 84-92. 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2017.06.032

2016

Van de Voorde M and Vadgama P (2016). Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and the Armory for the Twenty-First Century Health Care. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology For Human Health  10.1002/9783527692057.ch2

Vadgama P (2016). Materials for improved point of care biosensor-tissue interfaces. Medical Biosensors For Point of Care (Poc) Applications  10.1016/B978-0-08-100072-4.00003-4

Ma W, Situ B, Lv W, Li B, Yin X, Vadgama P, Zheng L and Wang W (2016). Electrochemical determination of microRNAs based on isothermal strand-displacement polymerase reaction coupled with multienzyme functionalized magnetic micro-carriers. Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 80, 344-351. 10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.064

2015

Gowers SAN, Curto VF, Seneci CA, Wang C, Anastasova S, Vadgama P, Yang G-Z and Boutelle MG (2015). 3D Printed Microfluidic Device with Integrated Biosensors for Online Analysis of Subcutaneous Human Microdialysate. Anal Chem  vol. 87, (15) 7763-7770. 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b01353

Engström W, Darbre P, Eriksson S, Gulliver L, Hultman T, Karamouzis MV, Klaunig JE, Mehta R, Moorwood K, Sanderson T, Sone H, Vadgama P, Wagemaker G, Ward A, Singh N, Al-Mulla F, Al-Temaimi R, Amedei A, Colacci AM, Vaccari M, Mondello C, Scovassi AI, Raju J, Hamid RA, Memeo L and Fo (2015). The potential for chemical mixtures from the environment to enable the cancer hallmark of sustained proliferative signalling. Carcinogenesis  vol. 36 Suppl 1, S38-S60. 10.1093/carcin/bgv030

Goodson WH, Lowe L, Carpenter DO, Gilbertson M, Manaf Ali A, Lopez de Cerain Salsamendi A, Lasfar A, Carnero A, Azqueta A, Amedei A, Charles AK, Collins AR, Ward A, Salzberg AC, Colacci A, Olsen A-K, Berg A, Barclay BJ, Zhou BP, Blanco-Aparicio C, Baglole CJ, Dong C and Mondello (2015). Assessing the carcinogenic potential of low-dose exposures to chemical mixtures in the environment: the challenge ahead. Carcinogenesis  vol. 36 Suppl 1, S254-S296. 10.1093/carcin/bgv039

2014

Spehar-Délèze AM, Anastasova S and Vadgama P (2014). Electropolymerised Phenolic Films as Internal Barriers for Oxidase Enzyme Biosensors. Electroanalysis  vol. 26, (6) 1335-1344. 10.1002/elan.201300371

Zhou Z, Dai Y, Liu BB, Xia LL, Liu HB, Vadgama P and Liu HR (2014). Surface modification of titanium plate enhanced fibronectin-mediated adhesion and proliferation of MG-63 cells. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China (English Edition)  vol. 24, (4) 1065-1071. 10.1016/S1003-6326(14)63163-0

2013

Paul D, Paul S, Roohpour N, Wilks M and Vadgama P (2013). Antimicrobial, mechanical and thermal studies of silver particle-loaded polyurethane. J Funct Biomater  vol. 4, (4) 358-375. 10.3390/jfb4040358

Vadgama P, Anastasova S and Spehar-Deleze A (2013). Integrated chemistries for analytical simplification and point of care testing. Rsc Detection Science  35-64.

Zhang W, Nan P, Lu BR, Chen Y, Vadgama P and Qu XP (2013). Silver surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrates prepared by a nanofabrication process using Electron Beam Lithography and magnetron sputtering. Proceedings of The Ieee Conference On Nanotechnology  1220-1223. 10.1109/NANO.2013.6720912

Anastasova S, Spehar-Deleze AM and Vadgama P (2013). Barrier membrane protected in vivo biosensors. European Cells and Materials  vol. 26, (SUPPL.6)

Bembnowicz P, Yang GZ, Anastasova S, Spehar-Délèze AM and Vadgama P (2013). Wearable electronic sensor for potentiometric and amperometric measurements. 2013 Ieee International Conference On Body Sensor Networks, Bsn 2013  10.1109/BSN.2013.6575531

Wasikiewicz JM, Roohpour N and Vadgama P (2013). Packaging and coating materials for implantable devices. 10.1533/9780857096289.1.68

Vadgama P and Mandler D (2013). Characterization of thin films and membranes. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry  vol. 405, (5) 1433-1434. 10.1007/s00216-012-6629-8

Kazakova LI, Shabarchina LI, Anastasova S, Pavlov AM, Vadgama P, Skirtach AG and Sukhorukov GB (2013). Chemosensors and biosensors based on polyelectrolyte microcapsules containing fluorescent dyes and enzymes. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry  vol. 405, (5) 1559-1568. 10.1007/s00216-012-6381-0

2012

Anastasova S, Spehar-Delézè AM and Vadgama P (2012). Oxygen detection using different types of membranes deposited on needle based platforms. Ecs Transactions  vol. 41, (20) 43-48. 10.1149/1.3687436

Spehar-Délèze AM, Anastasova S, Rong Z, Bickham D, Chang H and Vadgama P (2012). General platform for in Vivo sensors for oxygen, glucose and lactate monitoring. Nato Science For Peace and Security Series a: Chemistry and Biology  287-303. 10.1007/978-94-007-2872-1_16

Anastasova S, Spehar-Deleze A-M, Bickham D, Uebel P, Schmidt M, Russell P and Vadgama P (2012). Stabilised Biosensing Using Needle-Based Recess Electrodes. Electroanalysis  vol. 24, (3) 529-538. 10.1002/elan.201100511

Roohpour N, Moshaverinia A, Wasikiewicz JM, Paul D, Wilks M, Millar M and Vadgama P (2012). Development of bacterially resistant polyurethane for coating medical devices. Biomed Mater  vol. 7, (1) 10.1088/1748-6041/7/1/015007

Cheema U, Rong Z, Kirresh O, Macrobert AJ, Vadgama P and Brown RA (2012). Oxygen diffusion through collagen scaffolds at defined densities: implications for cell survival in tissue models. J Tissue Eng Regen Med  vol. 6, (1) 77-84. 10.1002/term.402

Kazakova LI, Shabarchina LI, Anastasova S, Pavlov AM, Vadgama P, Skirtach AG and Sukhorukov GB (2012). Chemosensors and biosensors based on polyelectrolyte microcapsules containing fluorescent dyes and enzymes. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry  1-10.

Forbes-Robertson S, Dudley E, Vadgama P, Cook C, Drawer S and Kilduff L (2012). Circadian Disruption and Remedial Interventions Effects and Interventions for Jet Lag for Athletic Peak Performance. Sports Medicine  vol. 42, (3) 185-208. 10.2165/11596850-000000000-00000

Vadgama P and Mandler D (2012). Characterization of thin films and membranes. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry  1-2. 10.1007/s00216-012-6629-8

2011

Ekemen Z, Chang H, Ahmad Z, Bayram C, Rong Z, Denkbas EB, Stride E, Vadgama P and Edirisinghe M (2011). Fabrication of biomaterials via controlled protein bubble generation and manipulation. Biomacromolecules  vol. 12, (12) 4291-4300. 10.1021/bm201202y

Vadgama P (2011). Multifunctional Biosensor Development and Manufacture. Comprehensive Biotechnology, Second Edition  10.1016/B978-0-08-088504-9.00453-0

Wasikiewicz JM, Paul D, Roohpour N, Vaghela J, Grahn MF and Vadgama P (2011). Isopropyl Myristate Modified Silicone as a Potential New Encapsulating Material for Implantable Devices. J Appl Polym Sci  vol. 119, (5) 2917-2924. 10.1002/app.32972

Vadgama P (2011). Concluding remarks. Faraday Discussions  vol. 149, 357-364. 10.1039/c0fd90001j

Vadgama P (2011). Clinical context and fundamental advances: the need to build linkages. Faraday Discuss  vol. 149, 357-364. 10.1039/c0fd90001j

2010

Zorlutuna P, Vadgama P and Hasirci V (2010). Both sides nanopatterned tubular collagen scaffolds as tissue-engineered vascular grafts. J Tissue Eng Regen M  vol. 4, (8) 628-637. 10.1002/term.278

Vadgama P (2010). Focus on sensor interfaces. Anal Bioanal Chem  vol. 398, (4) 1543-1544. 10.1007/s00216-010-4089-6

Kacanovska A, Rong Z, Schmidt M, Russell PSJ and Vadgama P (2010). Bio-sensing using recessed gold-filled capillary amperometric electrodes. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry  vol. 398, (4) 1687-1694. 10.1007/s00216-010-3891-5

Roohpour N, Wasikiewicz JM, Moshaverinia A, Paul D, Grahn MF, Rehman IU and Vadgama P (2010). Polyurethane membranes modified with isopropyl myristate as a potential candidate for encapsulating electronic implants: A study of biocompatibility and water permeability. Polymers  vol. 2, (3) 102-119. 10.3390/polym2030102

Chang H, Khan R, Rong Z, Sapelkin A and Vadgama P (2010). Study of albumin and fibrinogen membranes formed by interfacial crosslinking using microfluidic flow. Biofabrication  vol. 2, (3) 10.1088/1758-5082/2/3/035002

Hakimi O, Gheysens T, Vollrath F, Grahn MF, Knight DP and Vadgama P (2010). Modulation of cell growth on exposure to silkworm and spider silk fibers. J Biomed Mater Res A  vol. 92, (4) 1366-1372. 10.1002/jbm.a.32462

2009

Zorlutuna P, Rong Z, Vadgama P and Hasirci V (2009). Influence of nanopatterns on endothelial cell adhesion: Enhanced cell retention under shear stress. Acta Biomaterialia  vol. 5, (7) 2451-2459. 10.1016/j.actbio.2009.03.027

Paul S, Vadgama P and Ray AK (2009). Surface plasmon resonance imaging for biosensing. Iet Nanobiotechnol  vol. 3, (3) 71-80. 10.1049/iet-nbt.2008.0012

Roohpour N, Wasikiewicz JM, Moshaverinia A, Paul D, Rehman IU and Vadgama P (2009). Isopropyl Myristate-Modified Polyether-Urethane Coatings as Protective Barriers for Implantable Medical Devices. Materials  vol. 2, (3) 719-733. 10.3390/ma2030719

Roohpour N, Wasikiewicz JM, Paul D, Vadgama P and Rehman IU (2009). Synthesis and characterisation of enhanced barrier polyurethane for encapsulation of implantable medical devices. J Mater Sci Mater Med  vol. 20, (9) 1803-1814. 10.1007/s10856-009-3754-9

Snyder DM and Vadgama P (2009). Impedance resonance: A novel technique for signal acquisition from interdigitated electrodes (IDE) in sensor applications. Ieee Sensors Journal  vol. 9, (2) 143-145. 10.1109/JSEN.2008.2011095

Snyder DM and Vadgama P (2009). Impedance Resonance: A Novel Technique for Signal Acquisition From Interdigitated Electrodes (IDE) in Sensor Applications. Ieee Sens J  vol. 9, (1-2) 143-145. 10.1109/JSEN.2008.2011095

Roohpour N, Wasikiewicz JM, Paul D, Vadgama P and Rehman IU (2009). Synthesis and characterisation of enhanced barrier polyurethane for encapsulation of implantable medical devices. Journal of Materials Science-Materials in Medicine  vol. 20, (9) 1803-1814. 10.1007/s10856-009-3754-9

2008

Basova T, Paul S, Paul D, Vadgama P, Gürek AG, Ahsen V and Ray AK (2008). Liquid crystalline phthalocyanine thin films as nanoscale substrates for protein adsorption. Journal of Bionanoscience  vol. 2, (2) 114-118. 10.1166/jbns.2008.031

Popa C, Vadgama P, Candea V and Pavel C (2008). Sol-gel coated bioelectrodes for the selection of cells in microfluidic systems. 8th World Biomaterials Congress 2008  vol. 2,

Ismail F, Willows A, Khurana M, Tomlins PE, James S, Mikhalovsky S and Vadgama P (2008). A test method to monitor in vitro storage and degradation effects on a skin substitute. Medical Engineering and Physics  vol. 30, (5) 640-646. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2007.07.007

Willows A, Fan Q, Ismail F, Vaz CM, Tomlins PE, Mikhalovska LI, Mikhalovsky SV, James SL, Vadgama P and Wasikiewicz J (2008). Assessment of tissue scaffold degradation using electrochemical techniques. Acta Biomater  vol. 4, (3) 686-696. 10.1016/j.aetbio.2007.10.009

Bell A and Vadgama P (2008). Editorial - Detection for security. Analyst  vol. 133, (5) 10.1039/b803686c

Vadgama P and Schoenleber M (2008). In Vivo Applications: Glucose Monitoring, Fuel Cells. 10.1002/9780470753842.ch13

Rong ZM and Vadgama P (2008). Bipartite expressions for amperometric currents of recessed, membrane covered planar and hanging mercury drop electrodes. J Electroanal Chem  vol. 614, (1-2) 166-170. 10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.11.016

Pauliukaite R, Schoenleber M, Vadgama P and Brett CMA (2008). Development of electrochemical biosensors based on sol-gel enzyme encapsulation and protective polymer membranes. Anal Bioanal Chem  vol. 390, (4) 1121-1131. 10.1007/s00216-007-1756-3

Rong Z, Leitao E, Popplewell J, Alp B and Vadgama P (2008). Needle enzyme electrode for lactate measurement in vivo. Ieee Sensors Journal  vol. 8, (1) 113-120. 10.1109/JSEN.2007.912919

Bell A and Vadgama P (2008). Detection for security. Analyst  vol. 133, (5) 557-557. 10.1039/b803686c

Day Ateh D, Charles Lillie G and Vadgama P (2008). Polypyrrole incorporating biomolecules. International Journal of Nano and Biomaterials  vol. 1, (3) 222-236. 10.1504/IJNBM.2008.016872

2007

Volckaerts B, Corless AR, Mercanzini A, Silmon AM, Bertsch A, Van Himbeeck C, Wasikiewicz J, Bulcke MV, Vadgama P, Renaud P and Corless T (2007). Technology developments to initiate a next generation of Cochlear Implants. Annual International Conference of The Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings  515-518. 10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4352338

Ateh DD, Waterworth A, Walker D, Brown BH, Navsaria H and Vadgama P (2007). Impedimetric sensing of cells on polypyrrole-based conducting polymers. J Biomed Mater Res A  vol. 83, (2) 391-400. 10.1002/jbm.a.31308

Hodgins D, Wasikiewicz JM, Grahn MF, Paul D, Roohpour N, Vadgama P, Silmon AM, Cousins B and Verdon B (2007). Biocompatible materials developments for new medical implants. Med Device Technol  vol. 18, (6) 30-35.

Rong ZM, Terzyk AP, Gauden PA and Vadgama P (2007). Effective diffusion coefficient determination within cylindrical granules of adsorbents using a direct simulation method. J Colloid Interf Sci  vol. 313, (2) 449-453. 10.1016/j.jcis.2007.04.070

Vadgama P (2007). Sensor biocompatibility: final frontier in bioanalytical measurement. Analyst  vol. 132, (6) 495-499. 10.1039/b618404a

Venugopal J, Vadgama P, Kumar TSS and Ramakrishna S (2007). Biocomposite nanofibres and osteoblasts for bone tissue engineering. Nanotechnology  vol. 18, (5) 10.1088/0957-4484/18/5/055101

Popa C, Su B, Vadgama P and Cotter F (2007). Magnetic counter-gravity flow separation of electrically prepolarised lymphoid cells. Brit J Haematol  vol. 136, (3) 433-438. 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2006.06456.x

Hakimi O, Knight DP, Vollrath F and Vadgama P (2007). Spider and mulberry silkworm silks as compatible biomaterials. Compos Part B-Eng  vol. 38, (3) 324-337. 10.1016/j.compositesb.2006.06.012

Cohen-Atiya M, Vadgama P and Mandler D (2007). Preparation, characterization and applications of ultrathin cellulose acetate Langmuir-Blodgett films. Soft Matter  vol. 3, (8) 1053-1063. 10.1039/b701255a

Vadgama P (2007). Modifying surfaces and interfaces for improved biomaterial performance. Med Device Technol  vol. 18, (1) 22-25.

2006

Ateh DD, Navsaria HA and Vadgama P (2006). Polypyrrole-based conducting polymers and interactions with biological tissues. J R Soc Interface  vol. 3, (11) 741-752. 10.1098/rsif.2006.0141

Rong Z and Vadgama P (2006). Bipartite expressions for diffusional mass transport in biomembranes. Biophys J  vol. 91, (12) 4690-4696. 10.1529/biophysj.106.088153

Vadgama P (2006). Editorial for special issue of medical engineenng and physics. Med Eng Phys  vol. 28, (10) 933-933. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2006.05.001

Shapiro E, Drikakis D, Gargiuli J and Vadgama P (2006). Microfluidic cell optimization for polymer membrane fabrication. Proceedings of The 4th International Conference On Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, Icnmm2006  vol. 2006 B, 829-836.

Kyriacou G, Vadgama P and Wang W (2006). Characterization of a laminar flow cell for the prevention of biosensor fouling. Med Eng Phys  vol. 28, (10) 989-998. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2006.05.008

Nair G, Gargiuli JF, Shiju NR, Rong ZM, Shapiro E, Drikakis D and Vadgama P (2006). In situ fabrication of cross-linked protein membranes by using microfluidics. Chembiochem  vol. 7, (11) 1683-1689. 10.1002/cbic.200600086

Rong ZM and Vadgama P (2006). Simple expressions for diffusion coefficient determination of adsorption within spherical and cylindrical absorbents using direct simulation method. J Colloid Interf Sci  vol. 303, (1) 75-79. 10.1016/j.jcis.2006.07.041

Gargiuli J, Shapiro E, Gulhane H, Nair G, Drikakis D and Vadgama P (2006). Microfluidic systems for in situ formation of nylon 6,6 membranes. J Membrane Sci  vol. 282, (1-2) 257-265. 10.1016/j.memsci.2006.05.035

Hakimi O, Knight DP, Knight MM, Grahn MF and Vadgama P (2006). Ultrastructure of insect and spider cocoon silks. Biomacromolecules  vol. 7, (10) 2901-2908. 10.1021/bm060528h

Rong ZM, Rashid S and Vadgama P (2006). A bipartite expression for the transient amperometric current at a membrane covered planar electrode to characterize solute diffusion through the membrane. Electroanal  vol. 18, (17) 1703-1709. 10.1002/elan.200603577

Vadgama P (2006). Biocompatibility - shifting priorities. Mater World  vol. 14, (8) 21-21.

Rong Z and Vadgama P (2006). Dynamic simulation method to characterise oxygen transport in hydrogel membranes. Biomaterials  vol. 27, (23) 4266-4268. 10.1016/j.bomaterials.2006.03.040

Vadgama P (2006). Microfluidic assays in practice. Nano Today  vol. 1, (3) 56-56. 10.1016/S1748-0132(06)70096-2

Mikhalovska LI, Gun'ko VM, Turov VV, Zarko VI, James SL, Vadgama P, Tomlins PE and Mikhalovsky SV (2006). Characterisation of the nanoporous structure of collagen-glycosaminoglycan hydrogels by freezing-out of bulk and bound water. Biomaterials  vol. 27, (19) 3599-3607. 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2006.02.010

Ateh DD, Vadgama P and Navsaria HA (2006). Culture of human keratinocytes on polypyrrole-based conducting polymers. Tissue Eng  vol. 12, (4) 645-655. 10.1089/ten.2006.12.645

Rong ZM, Cheema U and Vadgama P (2006). Needle enzyme electrode based glucose diffusive transport measurement in a collagen gel and validation of a simulation model. Analyst  vol. 131, (7) 816-821. 10.1039/b600334f

2005

Vadgama P (2005). Surface biocompatibility. Annual Reports On The Progress of Chemistry - Section C  vol. 101, 14-52. 10.1039/b408906p

Wang W and Vadgama P (2005). Microelectrodes and biocompatible sensors for skin pO2 measurements. 10.1007/3-540-28804-X_19

Hakimi O, Grahn MF, Knight DP and Vadgama P (2005). Interaction of myofibroblasts with silk scaffolds. European Cells and Materials  vol. 10, (SUPPL.2)

Vadgama P (2005). Preface. Surfaces and Interfaces For Biomaterials  10.1016/B978-1-85573-930-7.50032-7

Ahmed S, Dack C, Farace G, Rigby G and Vadgama P (2005). Tissue implanted glucose needle electrodes: early sensor stabilisation and achievement of tissue-blood correlation during the run in period. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 537, (1-2) 153-161. 10.1016/j.aca.2005.01.065

Capra RH, Strumia M, Vadgama PM and Baruzzi AM (2005). Mucin/carbopol matrix to immobilize oxalate oxidase in a urine oxalate amperometric biosensor. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 530, (1) 49-54. 10.1016/j.aca.2004.08.037

Tomlins PE, Leach R, Vadgama P, Mikhalovsky S and James S (2005). On the topographical characterisation of biomaterial surfaces. 10.1533/9781845690809.4.693

Vadgama P (2005). Surfaces and interfaces for biomaterials. Surfaces and Interfaces For Biomaterials  1-802. 10.1533/9781845690809

James SL, Mikhalovsky S, Vadgama P and Tomlins PE (2005). Issues concerning the use of assays of cell adhesion to biomaterials. 10.1533/9781845690809.5.745

Garigiuli JF, Gill A, Lillie G, Schoenleber M, Pearson J, Kyriakou G and Vadgama P (2005). Stable use of biosensors at the sample interface. 10.1533/9781845690809.1.103

2004

Wang W and Vadgama P (2004). O-2 microsensors for minimally invasive tissue monitoring. J Roy Soc Interface  vol. 1, (1) 109-117. 10.1098/rsif.2004.0013

Hianik T, Rybar P, Andreev SY, Oretskaya TS and Vadgama P (2004). Detection of DNA hybridization on a liposome surface using ultrasound velocimetry and turbidimetry methods. Bioorg Med Chem Lett  vol. 14, (15) 3897-3900. 10.1016/j.bmcl.2004.05.057

2003

Oliveira-Brett AM, Silva LA, Farace G, Vadgama P and Brett CMA (2003). Voltammetric and impedance studies of inosine-5 '-monophosphate and hypoxanthine. Bioelectrochemistry  vol. 59, (1-2) 49-56. 10.1016/S1567-5394(02)00189-5

Hianik T, Vitovic P, Humenik D, Andreev SY, Oretskaya TS, Hall EAH and Vadgama P (2003). Hybridization of DNA at the surface of phospholipid monolayers. Effect of orientation of oligonucleotide chains. Bioelectrochemistry  vol. 59, (1-2) 35-40. 10.1016/S1567-5394(02)00187-1

VADGAMA PM (2003). Biosensors - picking up the vibes. Biological Sciences Review  vol. 15, (4) 32-36.

2002

Leitao E, Kaushal K, Gill A and Vadgama P (2002). Advances in continuous in vivo glucose monitoring. Diabetic Med  vol. 19, 11-13. 10.1046/j.1464-5491.2002.0190s1011.x

Reddy SM and Vadgama P (2002). Entrapment of glucose oxidase in non-porous poly(vinyl chloride). Anal Chim Acta  vol. 461, (1) 57-64. 10.1016/S0003-2670(02)00246-5

Warriner K, Morrissey A, Alderman J, King G, Treloar P and Vadgama PM (2002). Modified microelectrode interfaces for in-line electrochemical monitoring of ethanol in fermentation processes. Sensor Actuat B-Chem  vol. 84, (2-3) 200-207. 10.1016/S0925-4005(02)00025-4

Rhemrev-Boom RM, Tiessen RG, Jonker AA, Venema K, Vadgama P and Korf J (2002). A lightweight measuring device for the continuous in vivo monitoring of glucose by means of ultraslow microdialysis in combination with a miniaturised flow-through biosensor. Clin Chim Acta  vol. 316, (1-2) 1-10. 10.1016/S0009-8981(01)00574-5

Farace G, Lillie G, Hianik T, Payne P and Vadgama P (2002). Reagentless biosensing using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Bioelectrochemistry  vol. 55, (1-2) 1-3. 10.1016/S1567-5394(01)00166-9

Gill A, Farace G, Lillie G and Vadgama P (2002). Strategic issues in reliable sensing. Bioelectrochemistry  vol. 55, (1-2) 123-125. 10.1016/S1567-5394(01)00133-5

2001

Rhemrev-Boom MM, Korf J, Venema K, Urban G and Vadgama P (2001). A versatile biosensor device for continuous biomedical monitoring. Biosensors & Bioelectronics  vol. 16, (9-12) 839-847. 10.1016/S0956-5663(01)00206-8

Lillie G, Payne P and Vadgama P (2001). Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy as a platform for reagentless bioaffinity sensing. Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical  vol. 78, (1-3) 249-256. 10.1016/S0925-4005(01)00821-8

Pearson J, Gill A, Margison GP, Vadgama P and Povey AC (2001). A rapid receptor-ligand assay determination of estrogens using surface plasmon resonance. Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical  vol. 76, (1-3) 1-7. 10.1016/S0925-4005(01)00560-3

Hianik T, Gajdos V, Krivanek R, Oretskaya T, Metelev V, Volkov E and Vadgama P (2001). Amperometric detection of DNA hybridization on a gold surface depends on the orientation of oligonucleotide chains. Bioelectrochemistry  vol. 53, (2) 199-204. 10.1016/S0302-4598(00)00130-6

VADGAMA PM and Farace G (2001). Basic structure and functional properties of medical biosensors with special regard to biocompatibility. Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering  vol. 21, (4) 11-20.

VADGAMA PM (2001). Biomedical sensors: materials. Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technolgy  Wiley 

2000

Maines A, Prodromidis MI, Tzouwara-Karayanni SM, Karayannis MI, Ashworth D and Vadgama P (2000). An enzyme electrode for extended linearity citrate measurements based on modified polymeric membranes. Electroanal  vol. 12, (14) 1118-1123. 10.1002/1521-4109(200010)12:14<1118::AID-ELAN1118>3.0.CO;2-0

Gregory CM, Hatfield JV, Higgins S, Iacovides H and Vadgama PJ (2000). Novel open flow microflow sensor for reduced fouling of chemical sensors in physiological sampling environments. Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical  vol. 65, (1) 305-309. 10.1016/S0925-4005(99)00300-7

Ivison FM, Kane JW, Pearson JE, Jenny K and Vadgama P (2000). Development of a redox mediated amperometric detection system for immunoassay. Application to urinary amphetamine screening. Electroanal  vol. 12, (10) 778-785. 10.1002/1521-4109(200006)12:10<778::AID-ELAN778>3.0.CO;2-#

Maines A, Prodromidis MI, Tzouwara-Karayanni SM, Karayannis MI, Ashworth D and Vadgama P (2000). Reagentless enzyme electrode for malate based on modified polymeric membranes. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 408, (1-2) 217-224. 10.1016/S0003-2670(99)00866-1

Pearson JE, Gill A and Vadgama P (2000). Analytical aspects of biosensors. Ann Clin Biochem  vol. 37 ( Pt 2), 119-145. 10.1258/0004563001899131

1999

Reddy SM and Vadgama PM (1999). PVC as a sensor membrane material: influence of solvent casting variables. J Mater Sci-Mater M  vol. 10, (5) 295-300. 10.1023/A:1008909630369

Gregory CM, Hatfield JV, Higgins S and Vadgama PJ (1999). Method for reducing fouling at the sensor-sample interface. Conference Record - Ieee Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference  vol. 1, 365-369.

Higgins SW, Gregory CM, Hatfield JV, Iacovides H and Vadgama PJ (1999). One-dimensional modelling of foulant reduction in a microflow, amperometric-sensor system. Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology  vol. 23, (3) 102-107. 10.1080/030919099294249

1998

Pearson JE, Kane JW, Petraki-Kallioti I, Gill A and Vadgama P (1998). Surface plasmon resonance: a study of the effect of biotinylation on the selection of antibodies for use in immunoassays. J Immunol Methods  vol. 221, (1-2) 87-94. 10.1016/S0022-1759(98)00167-7

Tham SY, Pearson JE, Kane JW, Treloar PH and Vadgama PM (1998). Whole blood assay of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase: potential for simplified immunoassay. Sensor Actuat B-Chem  vol. 50, (3) 204-209. 10.1016/S0925-4005(98)00237-8

Tham SY, Pearson JE, Kane JW, Treloar PH and Vadgama PM (1998). Whole blood assay of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase: potential for simplified immunoassay. Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical  vol. B50, (3) 204-209.

Reddy SM, Jones JP, Lewis TJ and Vadgama PM (1998). Development of an oxidase-based glucose sensor using thickness-shear-mode quartz crystals. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 363, (2-3) 203-213. 10.1016/S0003-2670(98)00131-7

1997

Leitao E, Rigby GP, Ahmed S and Vadgama P (1997). Minimally invasive glucose and lactate sensors. Iee Colloquium (Digest)  (318)

Warriner K, Higson S and Vadgama P (1997). A lactate dehydrogenase amperometric pyruvate electrode exploiting direct detection of NAD(+) at a poly(3-methylthiophene): poly(phenol red) modified platinum surface. Mat Sci Eng C-Bio S  vol. 5, (2) 91-99. 10.1016/S0928-4931(97)00067-2

Warriner K, Higson S, Ashworth D, Christie I and Vadgama P (1997). Stability of dodecyl sulphate-doped poly(pyrrole) glucose oxidase modified electrodes exposed in human blood serum. Mat Sci Eng C-Bio S  vol. 5, (2) 81-90. 10.1016/S0928-4931(97)00026-X

Kyrolainen M, Reddy SM and Vadgama PM (1997). Blood compatibility and extended linearity of lactate enzyme electrode using poly(vinyl chloride) outer membranes. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 353, (2-3) 281-289. 10.1016/S0003-2670(97)87787-2

Prodromidis MI, TzouwaraKarayanni SM, Karayannis MI and Vadgama PM (1997). Bioelectrochemical determination of citric acid in real samples using a fully automated flow injection manifold. Analyst  vol. 122, (10) 1101-1106. 10.1039/a702312j

Reddy SM and Vadgama PM (1997). Surfactant-modified poly(vinyl chloride) membranes as biocompatible interfaces for amperometric enzyme electrodes. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 350, (1-2) 77-89. 10.1016/S0003-2670(97)00315-2

Reddy SM and Vadgama PM (1997). A study of the permeability properties of surfactant modified poly(vinyl chloride) membranes. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 350, (1-2) 67-76. 10.1016/S0003-2670(97)00314-0

Reddy SM, Higson SP and Vadgama PM (1997). Amperometric enzyme electrode for the determination of urine oxalate. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 343, (1-2) 59-68. 10.1016/S0003-2670(96)00611-3

Stevens JF and Vadgama P (1997). Infrared analysis in clinical chemistry: its use in the laboratory and in non-invasive near patient testing. Ann Clin Biochem  vol. 34 ( Pt 3), 215-221. 10.1177/000456329703400301

Warriner K, Higson S and Vadgama P (1997). A lactate dehydrogenase amperometric pyruvate electrode exploiting direct detection of NAD+ at a poly(3-methylthiophene):poly(phenol red) modified platinum surface. Materials Science and Engineering C  vol. 5, (2 C) 91-99. 10.1016/S0928-4931(97)00067-2

Warriner K, Higson S, Ashworth D, Christie I and Vadgama P (1997). Stability of dodecyl sulphate-doped poly(pyrrole)/glucose oxidase modified electrodes exposed in human blood serum. Materials Science and Engineering C  vol. 5, (2 C) 81-90. 10.1016/S0928-4931(97)00026-X

Taylor MA, Jones MN, Vadgama PM and Higson SPJ (1997). The effect of lipid bilayer manipulation on the response of the glucose oxidase liposome electrode. Biosens Bioelectron  vol. 12, (6) 467-477. 10.1016/S0956-5663(97)00001-8

Reddy SM and Vadgama PM (1997). Ion exchanger modified PVC membranes selectivity studies and response amplification of oxalate and lactate enzyme electrodes. Biosens Bioelectron  vol. 12, (9-10) 1003-1012. 10.1016/S0956-5663(97)00055-9

Kyrolainen M, Hakanson H, Mattiasson B and Vadgama P (1997). Minimal-fouling enzyme electrode for continuous flow measurement of whole blood lactate. Biosens Bioelectron  vol. 12, (11) 1073-1081. 10.1016/S0956-5663(97)00082-1

1996

Rigby GP, Pearson JE, Ahmed S, Kane JW, Treloar PH and Vadgama P (1996). Flow and microflow - Applications in biomedical sensing devices. Iee Colloquium (Digest)  (176)

Maines A, Ashworth D and Vadgama P (1996). Diffusion restricting outer membranes for greatly extended linearity measurements with glucose oxidase enzyme electrodes. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 333, (3) 223-231. 10.1016/0003-2670(96)00222-X

Rigby G and Vadgama P (1996). Materials biocompatibility. Anal Commun  vol. 33, (11) H19-H21. 10.1039/ac996330019h

Rigby GP, Crump PW and Vadgama P (1996). Stabilized needle electrode system for in vivo glucose monitoring based on open flow microperfusion. Analyst  vol. 121, (6) 871-875. 10.1039/an9962100871

Benmakroha Y, Christie I, Desai M and Vadgama P (1996). Poly(vinyl chloride), polysulfone and sulfonated polyether-ether sulfone composite membranes for glucose and hydrogen peroxide perm-selectivity in amperometric biosensors. Analyst  vol. 121, (4) 521-526. 10.1039/an9962100521

Turhan M and Vadgama P (1996). Use of direct and indirect methods in diaphragm cell method for estimation of liquid diffusivities of biosolutes. Biotechnol Lett  vol. 18, (3) 287-292. 10.1007/BF00142946

Maines A, Cambiaso A, Delfino L, Verreschi G, Christie I and Vadgama P (1996). Use of surfactant-modified cellulose acetate for a high-linearity and pH-resistant glucose electrode. Anal Commun  vol. 33, (1) 27-30. 10.1039/ac9963300027

Benmakroha Y, Christie I and Vadgama P (1996). Direct non-enzymic amperometric glucose sensor based on a novel glucose selective membrane. Anal Commun  vol. 33, (1) 23-25. 10.1039/ac9963300023

Maines A, Ashworth D and Vadgama P (1996). Enzyme electrodes for food analysis. Food Technol Biotech  vol. 34, (1) 31-42.

1995

TURHAN M, DESAI MA, VADGAMA P and MUTLU M (1995). ESTIMATION OF LIQUID DIFFUSIVITIES OF BIOSOLUTES BY USING DIAPHRAGM CELL METHOD WITH DEFINED PORE CHARACTERISTICS. Biotechnol Tech  vol. 9, (6) 413-416. 10.1007/BF00160828

TRELOAR PH, CHRISTIE IM, KANE JW, CRUMP P, NKOHKWO AT and VADGAMA PM (1995). MEDIATED AMPEROMETRIC DETECTION OF GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE-DEHYDROGENASE AT A POLY(VINYL CHLORIDE) COVERED ELECTRODE USING 1,4-BENZOQUINONE AND DIAPHORASE. Electroanal  vol. 7, (3) 216-220. 10.1002/elan.1140070303

Rigby GP, Crump P and Vadgama P (1995). Open flow microperfusion: approach to in vivo glucose monitoring. Med Biol Eng Comput  vol. 33, (2) 231-234. 10.1007/BF02523049

HIGSON SPJ and VADGAMA PM (1995). DIAMOND-LIKE CARBON-FILMS FOR ENZYME ELECTRODES - CHARACTERIZATION OF NOVEL OVERLYING PERMSELECTIVE BARRIERS. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 300, (1-3) 85-90. 10.1016/0003-2670(94)00381-U

HIGSON SPJ and VADGAMA PM (1995). DIAMOND-LIKE CARBON-COATED FILMS FOR ENZYME ELECTRODES - CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOCOMPATIBILITY AND SUBSTRATE DIFFUSION LIMITING PROPERTIES. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 300, (1-3) 77-83. 10.1016/0003-2670(94)00380-5

Eddy S, Warriner K, Christie I, Ashworth D, Purkiss C and Vadgama P (1995). The modification of enzyme electrode properties with non-conducting electropolymerised films. Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 10, (9-10) 831-839. 10.1016/0956-5663(95)99222-7

Treloar PH, Christie IM and Vadgama PM (1995). Engineering the right membranes for electrodes at the biological interface; solvent cast and electropolymerised. Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 10, (1-2) 195-201. 10.1016/0956-5663(95)96806-A

Taylor MA, Jones MN, Vadgama PM and Higson SP (1995). The characterization of liposomal glucose oxidase electrodes for the measurement of glucose. Biosens Bioelectron  vol. 10, (3-4) 251-260. 10.1016/0956-5663(95)96844-O

Treloar PH, Christie IM and Vadgama PM (1995). Engineering the right membranes for electrodes at the biological interface; solvent cast and electropolymerised. Biosens Bioelectron  vol. 10, (1-2) 195-201. 10.1016/0956-5663(95)96806-A

Kyrolainen M, Rigsby P, Eddy S and Vadgama P (1995). Bio-/haemocompatibility: implications and outcomes for sensors? Acta Anaesthesiol Scand Suppl  vol. 104, 55-60. 10.1111/j.1399-6576.1995.tb04255.x

RIGBY G, DESAI M and VADGAMA P (1995). Microdialysis and Open Microflow-related Systems: for Tissue Access and Glucose Monitoring by Enzyme Electrode. Pharmacy and Pharmacology Communications  vol. 1, (12) 585-588. 10.1111/j.2042-7158.1995.tb00385.x

1994

Higson SP and Vadgama PM (1994). Biosensors: a viable monitoring technology? Med Biol Eng Comput  vol. 32, (6) 601-609. 10.1007/BF02524233

TRELOAR PH, NKOHKWO AT, KANE JW, BARBER D and VADGAMA PM (1994). ELECTROCHEMICAL IMMUNOASSAY - SIMPLE KINETIC DETECTION OF ALKALINE-PHOSPHATASE ENZYME LABELS IN LIMITED AND EXCESS REAGENT SYSTEMS. Electroanal  vol. 6, (7) 561-566. 10.1002/elan.1140060705

HIGSON SPJ and VADGAMA P (1994). A STUDY OF ELECTRICAL DOUBLE-LAYER EFFECTS IN THE PRETREATMENT OF 2-ELECTRODE CELLS FOR ENZYME ELECTRODES. Electroanal  vol. 6, (5-6) 431-436. 10.1002/elan.1140060512

Reddy SM, Higson SP, Christie IM and Vadgama PM (1994). Selective membranes for the construction and optimization of an amperometric oxalate enzyme electrode. Analyst  vol. 119, (5) 949-952. 10.1039/AN9941900949

HIGSON SPJ, VADGAMA PM and WARD JP (1994). CHRONOCOULOMETRIC INTERROGATIONS OF OXIDASE-BASED ENZYME ELECTRODES FOR ENHANCED SELECTIVITY. Electroanal  vol. 6, (2) 83-88. 10.1002/elan.1140060203

1993

Desai MA and Vadgama PM (1993). An in vitro study of enhanced H+ diffusion by urease action on urea. Implications for Helicobacter pylori-associated peptic ulceration. Scand J Gastroenterol  vol. 28, (10) 915-919. 10.3109/00365529309103135

HIGSON SPJ, DESAI MA, GHOSH S, CHRISTIE I and VADGAMA P (1993). AMPEROMETRIC ENZYME ELECTRODE BIOFOULING AND PASSIVATION IN BLOOD - CHARACTERIZATION OF WORKING ELECTRODE POLARIZATION AND INNER MEMBRANE EFFECTS. J Chem Soc Faraday T  vol. 89, (15) 2847-2851. 10.1039/FT9938902847

Vadgama P (1993). Biosensors in clinical biochemistry. Ann Clin Biochem  vol. 30 ( Pt 4), 337-340. 10.1177/000456329303000401

HIGSON SPJ, DESAI M, KOOCHAKI Z and VADGAMA PM (1993). GLUCOSE-OXIDASE ENZYME ELECTRODE - RELATION BETWEEN INNER MEMBRANE-PERMEABILITY AND SUBSTRATE RESPONSE. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 276, (2) 335-340. 10.1016/0003-2670(93)80401-6

PISKIN E, MUTLU S, SERBETCI AI, MUTLU M and VADGAMA PM (1993). POTENTIAL POLYMERIC MEMBRANES FOR ENZYME ELECTRODES. Abstr Pap Am Chem S  vol. 205, 39-IEC.

CHRISTIE IM, VADGAMA P and LLOYD S (1993). MODIFICATION OF ELECTRODE SURFACES WITH OXIDIZED PHENOLS TO CONFER SELECTIVITY TO AMPEROMETRIC BIOSENSORS FOR GLUCOSE DETERMINATION. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 274, (2) 191-199. 10.1016/0003-2670(93)80465-W

KOOCHAKI Z, HIGSON SPJ, MUTLU M and VADGAMA PM (1993). THE DIFFUSION LIMITED OXIDASE-BASED GLUCOSE ENZYME ELECTRODE - RELATION BETWEEN COVERING MEMBRANE-PERMEABILITY AND SUBSTRATE RESPONSE. J Membrane Sci  vol. 76, (2-3) 261-268. 10.1016/0376-7388(93)85223-J

CHRISTIE I, LEEDS S, BAKER M, KEEDY F and VADGAMA P (1993). DIRECT ELECTROCHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF PARACETAMOL IN PLASMA. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 272, (1) 145-150. 10.1016/0003-2670(93)80386-Y

HIGSON SPJ and VADGAMA PM (1993). DIAMOND-LIKE CARBON COATED MICROPOROUS POLYCARBONATE AS A COMPOSITE BARRIER FOR A GLUCOSE ENZYME ELECTRODE. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 271, (1) 125-133. 10.1016/0003-2670(93)80559-4

Desai MA and Vadgama PM (1993). Enhanced H+ diffusion by NH4+/HCO3-: implications for Helicobacter-pylori-associated peptic ulceration. Digestion  vol. 54, (1) 32-39. 10.1159/000201008

Desai MA, Ghosh S, Crump PW, Benmakroha Y and Vadgama PM (1993). Internal membranes and laminates for adaptation of amperometric enzyme electrodes to direct biofluid analysis. Scand J Clin Lab Invest Suppl  vol. 214, 53-60. 10.3109/00365519309090679

VADGAMA P (1993). FOCUS 92 ASSOCIATION-OF-CLINICAL-BIOCHEMISTS NATIONAL MEETING - JUNE 8-12, 1992, BLACKPOOL, UK. Analyst  vol. 118, (1) N2-N3.

1992

CHRISTIE IM, TRELOAR PH and VADGAMA P (1992). PLASTICIZED POLY(VINYL CHLORIDE) AS A PERMSELECTIVE BARRIER MEMBRANE FOR HIGH-SELECTIVITY AMPEROMETRIC SENSORS AND BIOSENSORS. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 269, (1) 65-73. 10.1016/0003-2670(92)85134-R

VADGAMA P and CRUMP PW (1992). BIOSENSORS - RECENT TRENDS - A REVIEW. Analyst  vol. 117, (11) 1657-1670. 10.1039/an9921701657

LUCAS S, DESAI M and VADGAMA P (1992). THE MATHEMATICAL-MODELING OF IONIC-DIFFUSION THROUGH STAGNANT LAYERS - A MODIFICATION OF THE MORF AND SIMON EQUATION. Electroanal  vol. 4, (7) 673-681. 10.1002/elan.1140040702

Vadgama P (1992). Opportunities for the cellular approach in biomedical engineering. Med Biol Eng Comput  vol. 30, (4) CE2-CE7. 10.1007/BF02446170

Desai MA and Vadgama PM (1992). Bicarbonate and other buffer systems can enhance the rate of H+ diffusion through mucus in vitro. Biochim Biophys Acta  vol. 1116, (1) 43-49. 10.1016/0304-4165(92)90126-F

VADGAMA P (1992). DESIGNING BIOSENSORS. Chem Brit  vol. 28, (3) 249-252.

CHRISTIE IM, TRELOAR PH, KOOCHAKI ZB, VADGAMA PM and SMITH GN (1992). SIMPLIFIED MEASUREMENT OF SERUM ALKALINE-PHOSPHATASE UTILIZING ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTION OF 4-AMINOPHENOL. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 257, (1) 21-28. 10.1016/0003-2670(92)80145-W

Desai MA, Mutlu M and Vadgama P (1992). A study of macromolecular diffusion through native porcine mucus. Experientia  vol. 48, (1) 22-26. 10.1007/BF01923598

Vadgama P and Crump PW (1992). Biosensors: Recent trends a review. The Analyst  vol. 117, (11) 1657-1670. 10.1039/an9921701657

1991

Rosenberg MF, Jones MN and Vadgama PM (1991). A liposomal enzyme electrode for measuring glucose. Biochim Biophys Acta  vol. 1115, (2) 157-165. 10.1016/0304-4165(91)90025-C

Desai MA and Vadgama P (1991). Estimation of effective diffusion coefficients of model solutes through gastric mucus: assessment of a diffusion chamber technique based on spectrophotometric analysis. Analyst  vol. 116, (11) 1113-1116. 10.1039/AN9911601113

VADGAMA P, CRUMP P and HIGSON S (1991). IMMOBILIZATION OF PROTEINS, COFACTORS, MEDIATORS, TISSUES, CELLS IN THE CONTEXT OF BIOSENSORS FOR USE INVITRO AND INVIVO. Abstr Pap Am Chem S  vol. 202, 39-BIOT.

VADGAMA P, DESAI MA, CHRISTIE I and KOOCHAKI Z (1991). CHEMICAL SENSORS AND BIOSENSORS - NEARER THE PATIENT. Pure Appl Chem  vol. 63, (8) 1147-1152. 10.1351/pac199163081147

VADGAMA P, DESAI M and CRUMP P (1991). ELECTROCHEMICAL TRANSDUCERS FOR INVIVO MONITORING. Electroanal  vol. 3, (7) 597-606. 10.1002/elan.1140030703

Nicholas CV, Desai M, Vadgama P, McDonnell MB and Lucas S (1991). pH dependence of hydrochloric acid diffusion through gastric mucus: correlation with diffusion through a water layer using a membrane-mounted glass pH electrode. Analyst  vol. 116, (5) 463-467. 10.1039/AN9911600463

MUTLU M, MUTLU S, ROSENBERG MF, KANE J, JONES MN and VADGAMA P (1991). MATRIX SURFACE MODIFICATION BY PLASMA POLYMERIZATION FOR ENZYME IMMOBILIZATION. J Mater Chem  vol. 1, (3) 447-450. 10.1039/jm9910100447

KOOCHAKI Z, CHRISTIE I and VADGAMA P (1991). ELECTRODE RESPONSES TO PHENOLIC SPECIES THROUGH CELLULOSIC MEMBRANES. J Membrane Sci  vol. 57, (1) 83-94. 10.1016/S0376-7388(00)81164-3

Vadgama P, Desai M, Koochaki Z and Treloar P (1991). Problems of clinical data interpretation. Biochem Soc Trans  vol. 19, (1) 11-15. 10.1042/bst0190011

Desai MA, Nicholas CV and Vadgama P (1991). Electrochemical determination of the permeability of porcine mucus to model solute compounds. J Pharm Pharmacol  vol. 43, (2) 124-127. 10.1111/j.2042-7158.1991.tb06647.x

NICHOLAS CV, DESAI MA, VADGAMA PM, LUCAS S and MCDONNELL MB (1991). MEASUREMENT OF EFFECTIVE HCI DIFFUSION-COEFFICIENTS THROUGH AQUEOUS AND GEL FILMS BY A PH JUMP TECHNIQUE. J Chem Soc Faraday T  vol. 87, (2) 293-296. 10.1039/FT9918700293

Desai MA and Vadgama P (1991). Estimation of effective diffusion coefficients of model solutes through gastric mucus: Assessment of a diffusion chamber technique based on spectrophotometric analysis. Analyst  vol. 116, (11) 1113-1116.

Keedy FH and Vadgama P (1991). Determination of urate in undiluted whole blood by enzyme electrode. Biosensors and Bioelectronics  vol. 6, (6) 491-499. 10.1016/0956-5663(91)85046-Y

Vadgama P and Desai MA (1991). In vivo biosensors. Bioprocess Technol  vol. 15, 303-338.

1990

VADGAMA P (1990). MEMBRANE BASED SENSORS - A REVIEW. J Membrane Sci  vol. 50, (2) 141-152. 10.1016/S0376-7388(00)80312-9

TANG LX, KOOCHAKI ZB and VADGAMA P (1990). COMPOSITE LIQUID MEMBRANE FOR ENZYME ELECTRODE CONSTRUCTION. Anal Chim Acta  vol. 232, (2) 357-365. 10.1016/S0003-2670(00)81254-4

Tang LX and Vadgama P (1990). Optimisation of enzyme electrodes. Medical &Amp; Biological Engineering &Amp; Computing  vol. 28, (3) 10.1007/BF02442676

Tang LX and Vadgama P (1990). Optimisation of enzyme electrodes. Med Biol Eng Comput  vol. 28, (3) B18-B24. 10.1007/BF02442676

NICHOLAS CV, MCDONNELL MB and VADGAMA P (1990). DIFFUSION-COEFFICIENTS FOR HCL UNDER CONDITIONS APPROACHING NEUTRALITY. J Chem Soc Chem Comm  (4) 320-321. 10.1039/C39900000320

1989

MCDONNELL MB and VADGAMA PM (1989). MEMBRANES - SEPARATION PRINCIPLES AND SENSING. Select Electr Rev  vol. 11, (1) 17-67.

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